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Glossary of ringing terms – F

Last updated on: 13-March-2017

Words or phrases underlined are defined within the glossary. Where it assists with clarity, a definition is annotated to indicate a part of speech. (n) = noun, (vb) = verb, (adj) = adjective, (adv) = adverb. Section references refer to sections within The Tower Handbook.  


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F
Abbreviation for Fourths, calling position. See also IV.
Fabric
The structure of a church building, including walls, floor and roof – often used to include other substantial parts such as a bellframe.
Faculty
Formal permission required before any significant change can be made to the fabric and fittings of a church. An ecclesiastical equivalent of 'planning permission'.
Fall
(n) Alternative term for lowering. eg 'Look to the fall' or just 'Look to' is sometimes used as the call to initiate lowering in peal.
False
(1) A touch or composition is false if one or more rows occur more than once
(2) A course is 'false with another course' if it contains rows that occur in the other course.
(3) A synonym for odd struck.
False course head
The course head defining a course that is false with the plain course, abbreviated to FCH.
False floor
An intermediate floor, usually to reduce the transmission of sound from bell chamber to ringing chamber.
Falseness
Falseness of a method (internal falseness), or between methods, is a measure of whether any rows will repeat between lead head and lead end, ie repeats that will not be detectable by checking for repeated lead heads.
Far
A place, or combination of places and dodges, made after hunting through a previous position (especially in Double Norwich).
FCH
False course head.
Fid
A tapered hard wood pin used to separate the strands of rope, especially when tucking a tail end. See also marlin spike
Fifths
Calling position causing the observation bell (normally the highest working bell) to be in fifths place at the lead head. Abbreviated to V.
Figure of eight knot
A knot resembling a figure of eight used to shorten the tail end of a bell rope temporarily. Each knot will reduce the length by 6-8" (150 - 200mm).
Fillet hole
Alternative term for garter hole
Fillet stroke
Alternative term for handstroke, particularly in Devon and Cornwall. A fillet hole was not necessary until the development of full circle ringing which also introduced the handstroke, hence the association of the two.
Fire, firing
Bells are fired by ringing them almost simultaneously in ascending sequence, ie (rounds backwards). In some places, this is traditional after a wedding.
Fire out
A touch or performance that ends with multiple, irrecoverable errors by many ringers.
Fish tail
Work resembling a fish's tail, ie two points preceded and followed by hunting in opposite directions (see figure 15.2-6). Sometimes described by the positions of the points and intervening 'notch', eg '656', '565', '787',....
Fittings
The components required to enable a bell to be rung (to full circle ringing). These include headstock and bearings, wheel, stay and slider, clapper and staple, frame and ground pulley(s). Also called gear.
Five
A ring of five bells.
Fixed bell
A bell that appears in the same position at course heads or part ends in a composition . Usually in addition to the observation bell. NB the part end can be a course head.
Flange
The side rims of the wheel that guide the rope round it. Also called shrouding..
Flat 6th
A bell added to a ring of 12 to enable 8 of the lighter bells to be rung in a major key. (2, 3, 4, 5, 6-, 7, 8, 9)
Flight
The end portion of a clapper, sticking out beyond the ball. It acts as a counter balance to the weight of the shank and reduces the bending force on the clapper caused by the impact of striking the bell.
Flight board
See running board
Follow
Ring immediately after. Take your timing from.
Follow down:
Course down next after the bell named, normally plain hunting. eg 'follow 3rd down' means hunt down leaving a space between you and the 3rd at every blow and then turn 3rd from the lead. The space in between is occupied by a different bell in each successive row.
Foot strap
Alternative name for toe strap.
Foreman
Tower captain, a term used by tradition in some towers.
Forestroke
Alternative name for handstroke.
Forward
A principle consisting of treble bob hunting except in 3-4 where the dodges are replaced by Kent places.
Forward hunting
Hunting in which even positions are occupied at handstroke on the way up, and backstroke on the way down. Forward hunting means leading right on the front.
Foundation
Timber or metalwork let into the tower walls to support the bellframe – also referred to as grillage
Foundry
Bell foundry
Four
A ring of four bells.
Four blows behind
Work in which four consecutive blows are made in the last working position, ie excluding the covering position if there is one. It occurs in the odd stages of plain bob, as the pivot position.
Fourteen-in
The stage name for methods with fourteen working bells. see -in (3).
Fourths
Calling position causing the observation bell (normally the highest working bell) to be in fourths place at the lead head. Abbreviated to IV.
Frame
Bell frame
Frame high
When the bell centre line swings up as far as the horizontal, ie 90° either side of thedown or rest position.
Front
At or near first place.
Front sub section
The sub section below the treble
Front work
Working for an extended period on the front.
Fundamental
The basic or key note of a bell when struck. See tuning.
Full
For two blows (ie a whole pull), eg 'lead full', 'lie full'.
Full work
Extended work, usually at the front or back
Full circle
Swinging mouth up to mouth up through approximately 360°, ie English style ringing.
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